Kosovo, already an autonomous Balkan province and now independent, has a complex political internal situation: the difficult social and economic realities caused by the war in 1996 render it one of the geopolitical areas in which collaboration and peaceful cohabitation are still goals to achieve. In the hospitals of this country there are no heart surgery centres able to operate on adults with either cardio-pathology or congenital heart disease.
The association Bambini Cardiopatici nel Mondo and I.R.C.C.S. San Donato General Hospital have already started, in 2003, a project to train doctors, cardiac surgeons, anaesthetists and technicians for the additional corporal circulation that can be in the future the autonomous heart surgery team of the country. In January 2007 the operational phase of this project was begun by the University General Hospital of Pristina through a mission of 10 people from the Association who have temporarily set up an intensive care room of 4 beds and a completely equipped operating theatre, where the first open heart surgery operations on children have been performed.
In the future operational missions are anticipated as is an important contribution to the construction of a cardiac surgery centre at the Pristina University General Hospital where it will be possible to operate on at least 800 patients each year.